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Tramadol is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain in adults. Tramadol belongs to a group of drugs called opioid analgesics, which work by blocking pain als in the body. This medication comes in immediate release tablet and that can be taken up to 6 times a day, with or without food. Tramadol also comes in extended-release tablet and capsule forms and are taken once a day, with or without food. Do not chew, divide, or break tramadol extended-release forms. Swallow them whole. Common side effects of tramadol include nausea, constipation, dry mouth, and fatigue.
Tramadol can also cause dizziness or drowsiness. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery until you know how tramadol affects you. CYP2D6 is a protein in your body that is involved in the elimination of tramadol and other drugs from your body. Some patients have more or less of this protein in their bodies, affecting how much of the drug gets eliminated. Levels of CYP2D6 can vary greatly between individuals, and those having less of this protein are known as "poor metabolizers.
If you are a poor metabolizer, the levels of tramadol in your blood can become too high. As a result you may be at an increased risk of having more side effects from tramadol.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
This is not a complete list of tramadol side effects. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Especially tell your doctor if you take:. This is not a complete list of tramadol drug interactions. Tramadol can cause dizziness or drowsiness. Medicines can interact with certain foods. In some cases, this may be harmful and your doctor may advise you to avoid certain foods. In the case of tramadol, there are no specific foods that you must exclude from your diet when receiving tramadol.
Before taking tramadol, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions. Especially tell your doctor if you:. Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take including prescription and non-prescription medicines.
The FDA categorizes medications based on safety for use during pregnancy. Five - A, B, C, D, and X, are used to classify the possible risks to an unborn baby when a medication is taken during pregnancy. Tramadol falls into category C.
In animal studies, pregnant animals were given this medication and had some babies born with problems. No well-controlled studies have been done in humans.
Therefore, this medication may be used if the potential benefits to the mother outweigh the potential risks to the unborn. Tramadol has been detected in human breast milk. Because of the possibility for adverse reactions in nursing infants from tramadol, a choice should be made whether to stop nursing or to stop use of this medication. The importance of the drug to the mother should be considered. This medication comes in immediate release tablet and can be taken up to 6 times a day, with or without food.
Tramadol also comes in extended-release tablet and capsule form and are taken once a day, with or without food. If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of tramadol at the same time. Take tramadol exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully. The recommended dose range of tramadol immediate release tablets is 50 to mg every 4 to 6 hours as needed. Do not take more than mg in a hour period. The recommended dose range of tramadol extended-release tablets and capsules is to mg once every day. If you take too much tramadol, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or seek emergency medical attention right away.
If tramadol is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention. Tramadol is used for moderate to moderately severe pain. It also has weak antidepressant effects. May not be suitable in people with a history of seizures. Tramadol Overview Reviewed: May 20, Updated: July 26, Tramadol Genetic Information.
Your doctor may adjust your dose of tramadol if you are a poor metabolizer. How was your experience with Tramadol? First, a little about yourself Male Female. What tips would you provide a friend before taking Tramadol? Choose one. Back Next. How well did Tramadol work for you? Did you experience many side effects while taking this drug? How likely would you be to recommend Tramadol to a friend?
Tramadol Cautionary Labels Back to Top. Uses of Tramadol Back to Top. Tramadol is a prescription medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. Tramadol Brand Names Back to Top. Tramadol Drug Class Back to Top. Tramadol is part of the drug class: Other opioids. Side Effects of Tramadol Back to Top.
Serious side effects have been reported with tramadol. See "Drug Precautions" section. Common side effects of tramadol include: dizziness nausea constipation drowsiness vomiting itching skin nervousness, agitation, or general change of mood uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body muscle tightness heartburn or indigestion dry mouth This is not a complete list of tramadol side effects. Tramadol Interactions Back to Top. Tramadol Precautions Back to Top. Serious side effects have been reported with tramadol including the following: seizures.
Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have some or all of the following symptoms of seizures: body convulsions shaking and trembling temporary loss of consciousness serotonin syndrome.M 58 59 pill high
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What are the side effects of tramadol?