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Roses are some of the most beautiful and versatile garden plants. They come in a variety of forms, from patio roses to shrub roses, ramblers and climbers. Nearly all of them make an excellent cut flower. Single-flowered roses are great pollinator plants, while some species are used by leafcutter bees to make their nests. Most roses need sun and heavy soils to thrive, but some will grow well in partial shade and poorer soils. There really is a rose, or three, for every garden. Shrub roses and English roses come in a huge range of sizes and colours — some can grow to 2m in height.
Shrub roses are typically robust, healthy, repeat-flowering plants offering colour when other shrubs have finished flowering. Some shrub roses have a good fragrance, but if you want a scented shrub rose then English roses are for you. Shrub roses and English roses are perfect for growing in a mixed border, large container or as part of a rose garden. Some can also be trained as climbers or used to grow into a hedge. Climbing roses are the perfect plants to add height to a garden, without being too vigorous. There are climbing roses available in all the popular rose — hybrid tea roses, bourbons and English roses.
Choose from double or single flowers, thornless or scented. Climbing roses can be grown up house walls, along garden fences, over pergolas or up large obelisks. Rambling roses are often confused with climbing roses. Ramblers are far more vigorous than climbers, and bear one fantastic flush of flowers, usually in June, followed by colourful hips. Climbing roses often repeat flower and have larger flowers. Rambling roses need plenty of space as they grow quickly. A r ambling rose looks great growing up into a tree, especially an apple treeproviding flowers after the apple blossom fades but before the fruits form.
He details what conditions a rambling rose needs, how to prepare the soil, and how deep to plant it so it settles in well over autumn and gets off to a good start in spring. Patio roses are small enough to grow in pots. They are compact in habit and thrive in lighter soils than many other rose types.
Ground cover roses have a trailing or spreading habit. Many are modern introductions have good disease resistance. If given the right conditions, ground cover roses can suppress weeds.
Roses come in a huge variety of colours. Browse our lists of roses by colour, below, for the best one for your garden:. Many plants can be grown with roses to great effect. Climbing roses work well grown with clematis. Rambling roses can be trained to grow up a tree.
Patio roses work well with a variety of other plants suitable for growing in pots, while shrub roses can be grown in a mixed ornamental border, alongside nepeta, lavender and other herbaceous perennials. Plant roses in a well-prepared hole with added compost to improve soil structure and aid water retention.
Back-fill with soil and firm in well, then water thoroughly. He explains how to prepare the soil and dig the hole, how and why you should add mycorrhizal fungi, and what aftercare to provide to ensure the rose settles in well:. You can plant bare-root roses at any time between October and the end of March, but planting them in autumn helps them establish more quickly because the soil is still warm from summer, and is typically moist. Pruning is essential for the overall health, vitality and appearance of roses.
Winter is the key time to cut back most varieties, except rambling roses, which are pruned in summer immediately after flowering. The basic principles of pruning are the same: cutting back hard will promote the strongest growth, while light pruning will result in less vigour. The other basic rules include cutting to an outward-facing bud to prevent compacted growth, and removing closely positioned stems that might rub or compete for space. Here, Monty demonstrates how to prune a rambling rose. He also explains how to tell the difference between a rambler and a climber, and why they each need pruning at different times:.
Roses suffer from many problems, including black spot, aphids, die-back and bloom balling. Includes three x 30L pots, three varieties of tubers six each of 'Pentland Javelin', 'Desiree' and 'Charlotte'plus 1kg of organic potato fertiliser. They're easy to grow and require little space. Home How to Grow plants How to grow roses. How to grow shrub roses. How to grow climbing roses. How to grow rambling roses.
How to grow patio roses. How to grow ground cover roses. Roses by colour. Growing roses in pots. What to grow with roses. How to plant a bare-root rose.
Rose problems. Subscribe now. Buy now for spring flowers. Garden cloche kit. Buy now for winter protection. Offer Ends: Thursday, 6 January, Two allium collections. Buy now for autumn planting. Offer Ends: Thursday, 8 December, Buy now for small spaces. Offer Ends: Wednesday, 5 January,Do you need roses for your garden
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